Gum (Periodontal) disease is an infection in tissues surrounding our teeth. When we don’t maintain good oral hygiene, a sticky film of bacteria called plaque builds up on teeth and harden, causing various gum problems.
Gum disease is a significant reason behind permanent tooth decay. Many times, we fail to identify a gum disease because it is usually painless.
How do you know your gums are infected?
Here are some warning signs that can hint a gum problem
- Bleeding gums
- Red and swollen gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Loose or separating teeth
- Receding gums
- Teeth sensitivity
- Bite problems and more
- Changes in the fit of dentures
What causes gum disease
Brushing and flossing help us get rid away from bacteria. When we don’t maintain proper oral hygiene, the bacteria grow in our mouth and form a sticky and colourless layer on teeth called ‘plaque’. Plaque can harden and form ‘tartar’ that doesn’t wash away by brushing or flossing and require dental procedures. Professional cleaning by dentist Keswick can remove tartar.
Sometimes even good brushing and flossing every day don’t guarantee a disease-free gum. There can be other reasons for you to acquire gum disease.
- Smoking or consuming tobacco
- Hormonal changes
- Certain medications such as steroids, cancer therapy medicines, anti-epilepsy drugs and oral contraceptives
The early stage of gum disease is called Gingivitis, and the advanced stage is called periodontitis. See your dentist if you suspect you have a gum problem.
Gingivitis will make your gum red and swollen, and the gums would bleed while brushing or flossing. At this stage, the disease can be treated easily by a professional cleaning at the dental clinic.
Periodontitis leads to loss of tissue and bone supporting the teeth. If remain untreated, the condition becomes severe, making it extremely difficult to reverse the disease. In this case, your teeth will feel loose and move around in your mouth.
How to cure gum disease
When you schedule an appointment with your dentist, they will discuss your current issues and medical history before examining your gums and signs of any disease.
Your dentist will check if there is any gum inflammation or loose teeth.
They may also take an X-ray to identify any bone loss.
The treatment depends on the type and severity of the gum disease. There are both surgical and non-surgical procedures available at an Orleans dental clinic.
Your dentist may also refer you to a periodontist, who is an expert in treating gum disease.
Nonetheless, any treatment requires good oral hygiene. Your dentist may ask you to quit smoking and consuming tobacco products.
Prevention is better than cure.
Oral problems are avoidable but not 100% preventable. It is possible to have gum disease without any warning signs. Therefore, good oral hygiene routine and regular dental checkups are essential for healthy gum and teeth.
You can keep oral problems at bay by:
- Brushing your teeth twice every day with a fluoride-based toothpaste.
- Flossing at least once every day
- Regular dental checkups
- Eating healthy
- Quit smoking
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